Firebase Cloud Firestore Example Project in iOS - Swift - Swift 4 Tutorials W3Schools

Hot

Post Top Ad

5 Oct 2017

Firebase Cloud Firestore Example Project in iOS - Swift

Cloud Firestore is a scalable database like Firebase Realtime Database, it keeps your data in sync across client apps through real time listeners and offers offline support for mobile and web so you can build responsive apps that work regardless of network latency or Internet connectivity.

The advantage of using Cloud Firestore is Expressive querying. You can use queries to retrieve individual, specific documents or to retrieve all the documents in a collection that match your query parameters. Your queries can include multiple, chained filters and combine filtering and sorting.

Data Structure:

Cloud Storage data structure will be like following image:

Firebase Cloud Firestore Data Structure
Here we store data in Documents. Documents are like Dictionaries a key value pair which support many different data types, from simple strings and numbers, to complex, nested objects.

Firebase Cloud Firestore Documents

These documents are stored in collections, which are containers for your documents that you can use to organize your data and build queries.

Firebase Cloud Firestore Collection of Documents
Querying in Cloud Firestore is expressive, efficient, and flexible. We can do query to retrieve data at the document level without needing to retrieve the entire collection, or any nested subcollections.

We can do pagination by adding sorting, filtering, and limits to queries. Adding realtime listeners to your app notifies you with a data snapshot whenever the data your client apps are listening to changes, retrieving only the new changes.

Getting Started:

First create sample project in Xcode and add one UILabel, two UITextField's and one UIButton and give outlets. Build and Run that should look like as below:

Sample Demo

Next open Firebase Console -> Database -> Cloud Firestore, next pop up will come with two options, select start in test mode then enable.

Set up Firebase Cloud Firestore To iOS Project :

Next getting into Sample Project,First Integrate your project with Firebase.

Add the following dependencies to podfile:
pod 'Firebase/Core'
pod 'Firebase/Firestore'

Save the file, Run 'pod install' and open the created .xcworkspace file.

Next, We need to initialize Firebase.

Open Xcode project.

First import the Firebase SDK in AppDelegate.swift file:
import Firebase

Then, in the application:didFinishLaunchingWithOptions: method, initialize the FirebaseApp object:
// Use Firebase library to configure APIs
FirebaseApp.configure()

Saving/Adding data to Cloud Firestore:

Open ViewController.swift, add the docRef property.
var docRef : DocumentReference!

Add the following code in viewDidLoad() method:
docRef = Firestore.firestore().document("friends/profile")

By the way, here we are storing friends name and his/her profession. Above reference is the path where we are going to store our data as a Document.

Next add the code for saving data. Add the following code in save button action method:
@IBAction func saveButtonTapped(_ sender: UIButton) {
    guard let name = nameField.text, !name.isEmpty else { return }
    guard let profession = professionField.text, !profession.isEmpty else { return }
    
    let dataToSave : [String: Any] = ["name": name, "profession": profession]
    docRef.setData(dataToSave) { (error) in
        if let error = error {
            print("Oh no! Some error \(error.localizedDescription)")
        }else {
            print("Data has been saved")
        }
    }
}

Run and enter the data in text fields, then tap save button. We will see message as 'Data has been saved'.

Next open Firebase console -> Database -> Cloud Storage:

Firebase console -> Database -> Cloud Storage:

Fetching/Getting data From Cloud Firestore:


Fetching is very simple, we need to get the data from same docRef.

Before that add fetch button to the view and give action outlet.

Adding Button

Add the following code inside fetch button action method:
@IBAction func fetchButtonTapped(_ sender: Any) {
    docRef.getDocument { (docSnapshot, error) in
        guard let docSnapshot = docSnapshot, docSnapshot.exists else { return }
        let data = docSnapshot.data()
        let name = data["name"] as? String ?? ""
        let profession = data["profession"] as? String ?? ""
        self.titleLabel.text = "\(name) is a \(profession)"
    }
}

Run and tap Fetch button, we will see the data at the top like follow:

Fetching/Getting data From Cloud Firestore:

 

Listening for RealTime in Cloud Firestore:

First add the following listener property.
var dataListener : FIRListenerRegistration!

Next add the viewWillAppear() method as following:
override func viewWillAppear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewWillAppear(animated)
    dataListener =  docRef.addSnapshotListener { (docSnapshot, error) in
        guard let docSnapshot = docSnapshot, docSnapshot.exists else { return }
        let data = docSnapshot.data()
        let name = data["name"] as? String ?? ""
        let profession = data["profession"] as? String ?? ""
        self.titleLabel.text = "\(name) is a \(profession)"
    }
}

Above listener will keep on calling every time the data changes. So we need to remove the observer on viewWillDisappear. So that we can avoid memory problems.

Add the following method:
override func viewWillDisappear(_ animated: Bool) {
    super.viewWillDisappear(animated)
    dataListener.remove()
}

Run the project, we can see the title without tapping fetch button. That's good.

Next step is update data in real time. Now add some text in text field then tap save button.

On saving only we can see the title changes in real time without fetch action.

Listening for RealTime in Cloud Firestore:


Conclusion:

Cloud Firestore offers robust access management,Expressive querying and authentication. Secure data by using authentication and rules.


Download sample project with examples :

2 comments:

  1. FIRListenerRegistration is changed into ListenerRegistration.

    ReplyDelete
  2. I have read this post. Collection of post is a nice one ios swift online course

    ReplyDelete

Post Top Ad